Dating back to the 1800's, butcher block was initially used in butchers' shops as a durable, reliable work surface for cutting and chopping meats. Today, however, butcher block has made its way into many homes across America. The beautiful and rich look of a butcher block is often the focal point in today's modern kitchen. Available in different finishes and wood grains, butcher block has many benefits over traditional counter top materials, such as, granite, laminate, or corian. In addition to its natural beauty, butcher block is relatively easy to maintain, provides an extremely durable work surface, and, as an added bonus, is naturally resistant to bacteria, making it the ideal work surface for food preparation. Whether used as a cutting or chopping board, as a top for an island or as a complete set of kitchen countertops, butcher block is a natural choice for everlasting satisfaction.
End grain End grain butcher block is
"true" butcher block made in the old-fashioned way to withstand
chopping, dicing, and cutting. It is the most versatile of any type
of cutting or chopping board. End grain blocks are made by usig glue
and spaples to combine many pieces of wood with the grain of the
wood facing up. They require more work to produce, are more durable and are often used in professional & commercial kitchens, cutting boards, chopping blocks and residential kitchen islands.
This type of butcher block has a checker board appearance. If you
have only one board in your kitchen, this is the best choice all
Edge grain (long grain) Edge grain, or long grain butcher block, lis
used to make the majority of cutting boards sold throughout North
America today. Edge grain butcher block is constructed by gluing
many pieces of wood together. The grain of the wood in long-grain or egde grain blocks runs long ways, or horizontal with the work surface.
The edge grain is turned up, and this is the hardest portion of a
hard maple log or board, making it ideal for light dicing and
cutting. This type of butcher block is easier to produce, is more
affordable, and is used in countertops, table tops, work benches and
95% of the products referred to as butcher block.
Butcher block is available in a variety of wood species. The most
common species used are American Maple and Cherry. Occasionally,
teak, liptus, and walnut are also used in production. Liptus, in
recent years has become more and more popular as it is a more
renewable resource and therefore more suited to the environmentally
conscious. Liptus, however, is not as hard as maple and does have a
distinctively different color.
Initially, butcher blocks were not finished at all. Butchers would sand and oil their chopping blocks to keep them from drying out. Today, however, you can enjoy the beauty of a butcher block counter top or island for your kitchen without the need to regularly maintain it. Many butcher block products are available with a polyurethane coating or finish. This process of coating the wood is sometimes referred to as a
"varnique"finish. Varnished butcher blocks provide a more finished or refined look. In addition to the countless benefits to a varnished butcher block, there are a few drawbacks.
Some things to consider with varnique butcher blocks?
Cannot be cut on
Prone to scratching
May require refinishing over time
What are the benefits of a varnique finish?
Longer surface life than many other counter top materials
More finished/aesthetically pleasing look
Resistant to stains
Oil Butcher blocks in their natural state are considered the only option by many professional chefs. The look is more rustic and the uses for an oil finished butcher block are more versatile. If the intended use of the surface is to prepare and cut food, an oil finish is the only option, as varnished tops cannot be cut on. There are both pros and cons to an oil finished butcher block.
Some things to consider with oil finished surfaces?
Requires regular oiling
Subject to staining
What are the benefits of oil finished butcher blocks?
The unfinished wood allows you to prepare & cut food directly on the surface
Extremely durable work surface
Oiled blocks are naturally resistant to bacteria
Longer surface life than many other counter top materials
Butcher block counter tops are becoming increasingly popular in the U.S. Available in end grain &
long grain, and a variety of thicknesses, wood species, and finishes, butcher block countertops can be custom cut to your specifications. Additionally, accommodations can be made for sink cut-outs, backsplashes and more.
A kitchen island featuring butcher block can complement just about any kitchen. From small portable kitchen carts, to large stationary kitchen islands, butcher block is being used in a variety of applications in today's kitchens. Butcher block islands and carts can be found for just about any budget.
As previously mentioned, butcher block is naturally resistant to bacteria and considered by many professional chefs as the ideal surface for food preparation. Thus, cutting boards and heavy duty chopping blocks are often made from this material. With superior durability and aesthetics compared to other cutting surfaces, butcher block is available in a plethora of sizes & styles for chopping blocks and cutting boards. It's certain to make the home chef's experience more rewarding.
Regular maintenance of your butcher block will ensure it will be beautiful for generations to come. Unfinished or oiled butcher blocks are susceptible to cracking or splitting in dry environments. To prevent this, it is recommended that you regularly (once monthly) apply a heavy coat of mineral oil to your butcher block. Vegetable oils and/or olive oil are not recommended as they can cause the block to give off a foul odor. To clean your oil finished block, only a dish towel dipped and
wrung in a very mild dish soap mixed with warm water should be used. Never use chemicals or abrasive cleaners on your butcher block. Polyurethane coated blocks should also be cleaned with mild soapy water. You should always avoid allowing spills to remain on the surface of the finished block as liquid can cause damage if left to stand. You should never cut directly on a
varnished butcher block as it will scratch the surface causing exposed wood to become vulnerable to further damage.
John Boos & Co.
Since the late 1800's John Boos & Co. have been manufacturing butcher block countertops. Initially, Mr. Boos' products were targeted for butcher shops. Today, maintaining their original top quality workmanship, John Boos & Co. have become the leading manufacturer of butcher blocks for many different applications, including residential and commercial countertops, beautiful and functional kitchen islands and the much used cutting boards and chopping blocks in today's kitchens